Australia Migration, Immigration Australia, Migrating to Australia
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Migration Institute of Australia Member
Registration Number 1971 and 2748
Registered to Provide Migration Advice
MARN numbers:
0208366, 0426675, 0641256, 0742456 and 0640237
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Overview list

In this overview you will find information on Australia in general. Click on a topic to read more about it or follow the links on top right.

Government
Australia
, a federal parliamentary democracy, is an independent self-governing state and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations...

Political Parties
There are four major political parties in Australia. The Australian Labor Party has been the dominant party for much of the period since the formation of the Commonwealth of Australia...

Local Government
A bicameral system of government exists in each state except Queensland, the Northern Territory, 
and the Australian Capital Territory, which have only one house...

Executive Authority
Formally, executive authority in Australia is vested in the governor-general, who is appointed by the British monarch in consultation with the Australian prime minister...

Legislature
A bicameral system of government exists in each state except Queensland, the Northern Territory, and the Australian Capital Territory, which have only one house...

Communications
Australia maintains contact with the rest of the world by such means as satellite, submarine telegraph cable, radio-telephone, and phototelegraph services...

Judiciary
At the head of the judicial system of the Commonwealth of Australia is the High Court of Australia...

Soils, Fauna and Flora
Australia has a distinctive flora, comprising some 22,000 species of plants. More than 90 per cent are indigenous, and many species are not found elsewhere...

Aboriginal Land Rights
One of the most important legal issues of recent years has been that of Aboriginal land rights. The issue first became significant in the 1960s with the growth of Aboriginal activism and a shift in claims from wage equality with Europeans to land rights over territory with religious, cultural, historical, and other associations...

Currency and Banking
The unit of currency is the Australian dollar, divided into 100 cents and coined in 5�, 10�, 20�, 50�, $1and $2 pieces...

Foreign Trade
Under Australian tariff policy, protection is afforded to essential Australian industries, and preferential treatment is granted to imports from certain Commonwealth countries...

Transport  
The majority of Australia�s rail network was laid down in the second half of the 19th century by colonies independent of each other and trading primarily with Great Britain...

Defence
The system of defence employed by Australia dates from 1911, when the Commonwealth government instituted compulsory military service...

Health and Welfare
The federal and state governments of Australia have played an important role in advancing social services. There are benefits for people who are sick, aged, widowed, orphaned, disabled, or unemployed.

Education
Education is primarily the responsibility of the six states and the Northern Territory. In each the training and recruitment of teachers are centralized under an education department.

Culture
Initially the dominant way of life in Australia substantially reflected the heritage of the British settlers. Customs were modified as the settlers adapted to the new country and its exceptionally fine climate.

Forestry, Fishing and mining

Forests today cover only about 8 per cent of Australia. Most commercial wood supplies come from coniferous plantations. The main regions of indigenous forest are found in the moist coastal and highland belts and consist predominantly of eucalyptus, a hardwood.

Tourism
Helped by faster and cheaper long-haul flights, and the growth of the Japanese market, tourism has grown very
rapidly since 1970.

Geology
Australia was originally part of the ancient continent of Gondwanaland, which had earlier formed part of the supercontinent of Pangaea.

Rivers and Lakes
Two-thirds of Australia is desert or semi-desert and experiences very high rates of evaporation; only about 10 per cent of rainfall survives as surface run-off to feed the rivers.

Libraries and Museums
The development of library services after World War I was facilitated by state subsidies to local authorities. The establishment of library schools by the National Library of Australia, the Library of New South Wales, and the State Library of Victoria has raised the level of professional training of librarians. 

Economy
Australia is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) of the leading industrialized nations and its people generally enjoy one of the world�s highest standards of living. In 1994 Australia�s gross national product (GNP) was US$320.7 billion (World Bank estimate; 1992-1994 prices), equivalent to US$17,980 per capita.

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